March 14, 2021
Sleep apnea is a sleeping condition that induces numerous oral disorders, including periodontal disease, dry mouth, bruxism, and diabetes, not just resulting in disrupted sleep.
Periodontitis is an infectious condition that affects the tissue of the gum and kills the bone that protects the teeth, gradually causing loosening of the teeth and removal of the tooth. This may have a drying effect on the soft oral tissue, making it more vulnerable to inflammation and infection, while people with sleep apnea prefer to breathe with their mouths more than their nose.
It may cause signs ranging from poor breath to lose teeth and even gum abscesses as gum disease progresses. They can cause a variety of health risks, such as cardiovascular disease, stroke, and even respiratory disorders, when the infections reach the bloodstream.
People who have sleep apnea also use CPAP machines and other dental devices which, by pulling the lower jaw forward, will expand their airways. Dry mouth effects are a typical side effect of using these devices. Our mouth’s saliva serves as a foil against acid accumulation.
It helps wash out leftover debris and preserves a mixture between bacteria that are healthy and poor. Dry mouth allows for a prolonged period of time for acid and plaque to stay on the teeth, resulting in enamel degradation. They become more susceptible to tooth decay and gum disease as teeth tend to lose their protective cover.
The Bruxism (Grinding Teeth)
When they’re feeling irritated, nervous, or worried, everyone grinds their teeth once in a while. However, if the grinding of your teeth is loud enough to wake your partner from sleep, sleep apnea is most likely the cause. The grinding of nocturnal teeth over a long period of time will affect your oral health. More easily, it will break down the teeth, exacerbate enamel degradation, and lead to misalignments of the jaw.
Latest literature correlates glucose sensitivity, insulin resistance, and type 2 diabetes with sleep apnea. Hypoxemia, a reduction in the partial pressure of oxygen in the blood and sleep fragmentation, and receptive brief sleep interruptions are two consequences of sleep apnea that are risk factors for developing insulin resistance.
If you find that your mouth is dry every day upon awakening and your throat is sore, schedule an appointment with a sleep apnea doctor so that they can administer the required testing to obtain a correct system of diagnosis and treatment. Sleep apnea will lead to severe oral bacterial infections and other problems with dental health if left untreated.
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